The Department of Microbiology at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City is putting efforts to make a universal vaccine that could fight against multiple strains of influenza. Their focus is directing the human immune system to preserved areas of the influenza virus and then inducing an immune response alongside these preserved areas of the virus. Flu vaccinations have been major focus of many scientists for the last few years.
There are many people who neglect Influenza (flu or common cold) and avoid flu vaccines. However, flu can be as extreme as many other ghastly diseases. Type A Influenza (H1NI Influenza) virus caused around 18,000 deaths globally in 2009 as per the records of World Health Organisation (WHO).
Influenza Virus – Not Worth taking a Risk
Why do you think flu vaccinations are important? Influenza caused by an influenza virus has its onset symptoms as high fever, gooey nose, painful throat, muscle pain or headache, and not to neglect coughing and tiredness. Symptoms begin within two days after contact with the virus. Most often it lasts for less than a week. There could be further complications of influenza such as viral pneumonia, sinus infections, secondary bacterial pneumonia and waning of prior health issues such as asthma or heart failure.
Types of Influenza Virus
There could be three types of influenza viruses: Type A, Type B and Type C. Talking about H1N1 Influenza Virus, which is Type A virus, it is an orthomyxo virus containing glycoproteins called neuraminidase and haemagglutinin. Haemagglutinin makes RBCs to clump together and attaches the virus to the affected cell. The virus then enters the cell and multiplies, infecting more cells leading to death. Therefore, flu vaccinations are as important as any other vaccinations.
Flu Vaccines Knowhow
Australia has shown a low level of flu infection without any severity in 2016. The reason could be that there are many organisations which are promoting flu vaccination through publicising campaign or by allotting supplies or even promotional items to fellows of the community and ‘high risk’ groups to inspire people to get a flu shot.
Who should get Vaccination
Vaccination is encouraged for people who are aged >65 years. People who are indigenous and Torres Strait inhabitants and aged 15 years or more are also advised for vaccination. It’s a must for pregnant women. In case of age group over six months with any of the medical conditions, for example, asthma, chronic neurological, diabetes, heart disease, kidney disease, immune-suppression and respiratory disease conditions, a flu shot is recommended. Flu shot is also for children who are on long-term aspirin therapy.
One must be aware of flu shot pricing as there are many bodies which tend to charge a humungous price. Many organisations give the shots for free to the needy. Normally, flu vaccination price in Australia ranges from $15 to $25.
Autumn is the best time for you to be your flu shot (around March/April). It’s before when the flu season starts. Duration of vaccination is around two weeks to show its effect. So, do not delay. Get your flu shot soon.